Municipality of Borutta
Brief notes on the town:
The village of Medieval origin is characterised by the small Church of Santa Croce (XI century). It develops along the valley of the Rio Frida, in a region which runs along the side of Mount Pelau located on the northern part of the Sorres plain. The Ulàri cave, a short distance from the town, is of considerable archaeological and naturalistic interest. The cave has two entrances and is formed by a main tunnel, which extends for 190 metres from other branches, for an overall development of 350 metres. Lithic and ceramic materials have been found inside, attributed to the "Ozieri Culture" (3500 – 2700 B.C.). The cave is also home to one of the largest colonies of bats in Sardinia. One beauty of the town is represented by the lanes of the historical centre on which rise the distinctive dwellings. These have taken on “curious” names in Sardinian, such as, "Su cuzzone mannu" and "Carrela de su monte". Ancient names which distinguished the current Silvio Pellico and Arborea streets. Other picturesque spots are the ancient nineteenth century fountains of Cantaru and Funtana. To follow the ancient tradition, the population collects the water from these fountains and still uses the public wash house.
The historical events of the population centre are primarily agricultural-pastoral based but connected with some forms of traditional craftwork. These include the processing of leather which still survives. The events are in any case closely connected with the not too distant Cathedral of San Pietro di Sorres, which stands on the top of a small calcareous plateau and overlooks the vast panorama of the valley below. The families of the town produce local Sardinian desserts (pabassinos, tericas, casadinas, cozulas de berdas, cozulas de regotu, anicinos, galletinas and pabassinos moddhes).
The presence of man in the territory of the current town of Borutta is very old. The first settlement established itself in the natural Ulàri cave, which has now become a bat den. It was populated in the recent Neolithic period (3500 B.C.) within the context of what is called the culture of Saint Michael of Ozieri. This theory is supported by the discovery of numerous finds such as axes, products in flint and obsidian, crockery and human bones preserved in the archaeological museum of Cagliari. The village, whose ancient name was once Gruta (gruta - cave), arose at a later stage. Other evidence of prehistoric settlements are the numerous nuraghi to be found in the territory. These cultures are included between Bonu Ighinu (middle Neolithic – 4500 B.C.) and that of the Bonnanaro (ancient Bronze age - 1800 B.C.).
Traditions and events:
|Feast of mutton||Urban centre||n.a.|
|Feast of Saint Peter of Sorres||Church of San Pietro di Sorres||June 29|
|Feast of Saint Mary Magdalene||Urban centre||July 22|