Municipality of Giave
Brief notes on the town:
The territory of Giave is characterised by marked elevations including the celebrated Pedra Mendarza, which stands isolated on the surrounding low-lying area, which is called very evocatively Valley of the Nuraghi. The morphological features of the soil have favoured the development of basic cultures and breeding since ancient times, giving us today a particularly characteristic environment to understand the relationships between human settlement and working activities connected with the land. They also highlight a common path which starts with the Nuragic Civilisation and culminates in the agro-pastoral society. The territory of Giave lends itself with a series of effortless itineraries, marked by the pinnettas, the typical homes of shepherds, built entirely with small slabs of stones, laid dry and with a cone shaped roof. Travelling the territory, it is possible to see clear signs of human presence through the centuries, from the domus de janas, of which the Riu Mulinu is a striking example. In the heart of the populated centre stand the parish Church of S. Andrea with a 16th century imprint, the Church of S.Croce, attributed to the XVII century, and the Church of S.Sisto, the layout of which can certainly be dated to the Middle Ages. At the top of the town, in addition to the characteristic Town Pine wood, there is the shrine dedicated to the Saints. Cosimo and Damiano destination of great religious devotion. The town has a train station downstream where a small industrial settlement is developing.
The development of this town is characterised by breeding and agriculture.
Thanks to the fertility of the soils the area of Giave was intensely populated since prehistoric times, due to its closeness to the Nuraghi Valley, one of the richest regions in Europe for evidence of Neolithic civilisation. However, the first historical sources regarding the current site of the village date back to the Punic period: the name Giave is in fact a distortion of the toponym "Hafa", a fragile settlement (further down the valley from the current site) in the late Carthaginian age, when the southern invaders succeeded in reaching Turris Lybissonis (today Porto Torres) on the northern coast. But the Romans were the first outsiders to truly colonise the area, creating the forking of the road which connected Cagliari with Turris on one side and with Olbia on the other. They settled different legions there to defend themselves from the attacks of Nuragic tribes who had not been romanized and had taken shelter in the impassable mountains to the southeast. During the Judicial period of Torres the population had enjoyed relative well-being, but this came to an end when the island fell under the orbit of Spanish influence. The oppressive system of feudalism between the XIV and the XVIII century reached the administrative region to which Giave belonged, bringing with it the highest levels of obscurantism and inhumanity. The situation was no better under the dominion of the Savoy. The historical centre shows a clearly late Medieval framework, distinguished by the planimetrical layout of the settlements with visible additions dating from the late Renaissance and eighteenth century.
Traditions and events:
|Feast of Saint Sebastian||Urban centre||May 8-9|
|Feast of Saint Rita||Urban centre||May 22-23|
|Feast of Saints Cosma, Damiano and Pantaleo||Church of Saint Cosimo and urban centre||September 26-28|
|Feast of Saint Andrew||Urban centre||November 30|