Municipality of Romana
Brief notes on the town:
Positioned at the foot of Monteleone hill, the town rises on a vast volcanic basement and the surrounding territory is formed by lithotypes of different origin and age. The oldest rocky outcrops are due to the volcanic basement and belong to the so-called upper ignimbritic series which dates to the tertiary, oligo-miocene age. It consists primarily of andesites, dacites, liparites and tufites which, depending on the places, takes on terms of passage between the various formations.
In some areas there are interesting argilliferous clusters with deposits of bentonite and kaoline of hydrothermal origin and the consequence of past volcanic activities. Above the volcanitic basement, and often in contact with the bentonite deposits, we find in almost all the area of Romana the medium-micoenic (Langhiano) marine sedimentary succession, formed by organogenic limestones, biocalcarenites and calcareous sandstones. Among the calcareous sediments affected by enormous karstic phenomena we have the beautiful blind barrel-shaped valley called Santu Giagu, with ponor which is activated during heavy precipitation. In the same area of Santu Giagu in depth, we have a system of caves which develops for close to 600 metres. These include the cave of Inghiltidolzu in the locality of Santu Giagu travelled by waters for 350 m, primarily during winter.
The Rio Temo flows in the territory of the town and reverses its water into the artificial basin of Lake Monteleone, thanks to a dyke.
Agriculture is still the prevailing activity today. It has allowed to hand down to our day a simple type of gastronomy that is rich in flavours of ancient times. A holiday farm close to the town has known how to retrieve gastronomic traditions for the pleasure of those who may find themselves in these areas, for business or for pleasure. Romana is dedicated particularly to the tradition of bread production.
The territory preserves the first signs of prehistoric cultures (6000-5000 B.C.) which are found in the natural caves of Filestru di Mara and Monte Maiore (Thiesi). Later, (3730-160 B.C.) the culture of Bonu Ighinu appears, named after the homonymous Baroque church in Mara. In the Middle Ages Romana was a passageway for pilgrims who travelled to the cave refuge of the martyr Lussorio, a Roman soldier converted to Christianity and persecuted. The cave was later transformed into a shrine. Along their route, travellers would encounter many other churches including those of Santu Giolzi and Santa Maria Ispirale. Some theories suggest the latter is of Templar origin.
Within the town there are the Churches of Madonna degli Angeli and Santa Croce, whilst in the immediate outskirts there is the Church of Madonna della Salute and of San Lussorio. The latter is the destination of pilgrims who culminate with the festivities of the 20th August.
Traditions and events:
|Sos Tres Res||Urban centre||January|
|Sas Amoradas||Urban centre||February-March|
|Feast of Saint Zita||Urban centre||April 27|
|Feast of Saints John, Nepomucen and Lucy||Urban centre||May 16-17|
|Feast of Our Lady of the Angels||Urban centre||August 2|
|Feast of Saint Lussorio||Church of San Lussorio||August 20-21, 27-28|
|Feast of Our Lady 'e Su Saludu||Centre of S. Maria Ispidale||September 11|